Jun 3, 2004 (CIDRAP News) The General Accounting Office (GAO) has urged federal agencies to step up their efforts to determine if the use of certain antibiotics in animals endangers human health by making bacteria resistant to those antibiotics. However, the GAO said, the approved drugs reviewed so far are not the ones the FDA considers critically important to human health, and the reviews have taken at least 2 years to complete. “Therefore it may be some time before FDA completes its reviews of critically important drugs in order to determine if enforcement action to protect human health is warranted,” the report says. The agency recommends that the FDA accelerate its reviews of antibiotics that are used in animals and are important for human health. GAO report “Antibiotic Resistance: Federal Agencies Need to Better Focus Efforts to Address Risk to Humans from Antibiotic Use in Animals”http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04490.pdf The report also notes that the FDA has moved to bar the use of the fluoroquinoline antibiotic enrofloxacin in poultry because of evidence that fluoroquinoline use in animals has caused the transfer of resistant pathogens to humans. However, the drug has remained on the market the past 3 years because the manufacturer has challenged the FDA move. Concerning the need for data, the GAO says federal agencies have expanded their research on antibiotic resistance related to antibiotic use in animals, but it is too early to judge the effectiveness of their efforts to reduce the risk to human health. The FDA, CDC, and USDA have increased their surveillance and research on antibiotic resistance in animals and humans in recent years. The GAO, Congress’s investigative arm, spent a year preparing the report. It was requested by three senatorsOlympia J. Snowe, R-Me.; Tom Harkin, D-Iowa; and Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass. In addition, the GAO said research on the human health risk is crippled by a lack of data on the types and amounts of antibiotics used in animals. The agency recommended that the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) work together to collect the needed information. The USDA and HHS, on reviewing a draft of the GAO report, generally agreed with it, the GAO says. HHS officials said that pharmaceutical companies have the most useful data on antibiotic use in animals. Current regulations would have to be revised to put the data that companies have to report to the FDA in a more useful format for research on antibiotic resistance, the officials said. Mar 18, 2004, CIDRAP News story, “FDA closer to banning enrofloxacin use in poultry” In a report released last week, the GAO said the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should speed up its risk assessments to determine whether it should restrict the use in animals of antibiotics considered critically important to human health. “Although they have made some progress in monitoring antibiotic resistance, federal agencies do not collect the critical data on antibiotic use in animals that they need to support research on the human health risk,” the report states. In Denmark, collection of detailed data on antibiotics given to animals has enabled scientists to trace the effects on resistant bacteria in humans and to devise strategies to minimize the health risks, the GAO says. The agency recommends that the FDA and USDA together develop and implement a plan to collect the needed data. The report acknowledges that this will cost money but says it should not be excessively expensive, because existing FDA and USDA programs can provide a framework that can be expanded to begin gathering the information. However, the FDA “is not collecting data on antibiotic use in animals, and USDA’s data collection activities are limited to a few swine farms,” the report says. It suggests that the agencies gather information on the types and quantities of antibiotics sold for animals, the purpose of their use (disease treatment or growth promotion), and the species in which they are used. Many studies suggest that the use of antibiotics in animals poses risks to human health, but a few studies indicate that the health risks are minimal, the report says. The document notes that the FDA has laid out a “risk assessment framework” determining the human health risks. The agency is using the framework in reviewing both currently approved animal antibiotics and manufacturers’ applications for approval of new ones. See also: The United States differs from some of its key trading partners in the use of antibiotics in food animals, the report notes. While the United States and Canada allow some drugs that are important in human medicine to be used for growth promotion, the European Union and New Zealand have banned this practice. In addition, the EU plans to ban the use of any antibiotic for growth promotion by 2006. These policy differences have not significantly affected US meat exports so far, but that could change, the report says. The agency concluded that antibiotic-resistant bacteria have been transferred from animals to humans and that this transfer appears to pose significant risks to human health. Some studies have produced evidence of links between changes in antibiotic use in animals and bacterial resistance to antibiotics in humans. Further, genetic studies of bacteria have established that antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter and Salmonella are transferred from animals to humans, the report says.
15 Satinay Street, Keperra.More from newsFor under $10m you can buy a luxurious home with a two-lane bowling alley5 Apr 2017Military and railway history come together on bush block24 Apr 2019Describing the property as a “nice family home”, he said there was a bus stop in the street and the train station was a three-minute walk away.The home has been redesigned to provide open-plan living with hardwood timber floors throughout. 15 Satinay Street, Keperra. 15 Satinay Street, Keperra. 15 Satinay Street, Keperra.Vic Palmer is making the move to Rockhampton and says he is keen to sell his home at 15 Satinay St, Keperra.Mr Palmer has lived there since 2004 and said he loved the street.“I’ve got really great neighbours. They are really friendly,” Mr Palmer said.This three-bedroom highset home attracts plenty of birdlife, according to Mr Palmer.“I love sitting on the balcony watching and listening to the birds,” he said.“They are really friendly.” 15 Satinay Street, Keperra.The spacious lounge room has downlights and airconditioning, and provides access to the front covered veranda. The modern kitchen, with high quality appliances, has been cleverly extended and provides loads of storage and work space for the keen cook or to feed a hungry family. Mr Palmer said renovations to the home included a new kitchen and bathroom.“Downstairs needs a bit of work but could be the perfect spot for a teenager’s retreat,” he said. 15 Satinay Street, Keperra.Downstairs the completely built-in ground floor has storage and utility rooms, a second toilet, fully carpeted rumpus/second lounge room and a number of smaller carpeted rooms ideal for hobbies or running a small business. The laundry is also downstairs, and provides plenty of storage, work space, a double sink and direct access to the fully fenced, level back yard. The property is on a 546sq m block.
“He loves to compete, honestly,” Walton said Monday. “For being as young as he is and as as new at this (as he is), his competitive spirit is very impressive and I think that’s what kind of drives him to have these nice games for us.”After his performance Saturday in Anaheim, Kuzma started hearing a lot of buzz – about himself. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREUCLA alum Kenny Clark signs four-year contract extension with PackersOne thing that has not often been disputed is how impressive the 27th overall draft choice has been not only in the first practices of the preseason but throughout the summer. He was named the Most Valuable Player of the summer league championship game in Las Vegas.Whatever hype has found Kuzma doesn’t compare to what surrounds Ball, but Kuzma is undeniably a fan favorite, with fans greeting him with drawn out moans of “Kuuuuuuz” when he has taken the floor in the preseason.On media day, second-year forward Brandon Ingram called him “Kyle Kuzma, The Steal of the Draft,” as though that had become his official name.On Monday, Kuzma scored a team-high 23 points in a 113-107 exhibition loss to Denver, nearly single-handedly pulling the Lakers out of a 20-point deficit. That performance came on the heels of 19 points, also a team high, Saturday against Minnesota. “Definitely everybody was excited,” Kuzma said. “Especially coming out the gate like that, nobody was expecting probably to do that.”Kuzma left Utah after a junior season in which he was voted first-team All-Pac-12 despite being pegged as a likely second-round draft pick. He was the star of the first day of the NBA Draft Combine in May and one of the first players to work out for the Lakers.“I am a really confident person,” he said, “and I believe in myself and always thought I would be a first-rounder because of my talent level.”What caught most by surprise in summer league was Kuzma’s efficiency from 3-point range. He shot just 32 percent from the arc as a college junior, but so far that seems to be a staple of his game in the pros.“I’m playing care-free,” Kuzma said. “The movement of the offense and the way Luke coaches allows us to do a lot of free things and freelance.” LOS ANGELES — Luke Walton enjoyed the pre-draft interview, and liked what he saw on tape. But still, he figured it would take time for Kyle Kuzma to develop into a real NBA player.He didn’t realize he would need to find rotation minutes for the rookie forward from Day 1.Likewise, Lonzo Ball, who grew close with Kuzma over the summer, said he did not remember Kuzma from UCLA’s one matchup against Kuzma’s Utah Utes last season.“I almost gave UCLA a triple-double that game,” Kuzma said. “So I don’t know about that.” VEGAS STILL ONLakers officials said Monday that they still expected to play their preseason game scheduled for Sunday in Las Vegas, an exhibition that will come one week after the massacre at a country music concert on the Las Vegas Strip that left at least 59 people dead.The team planned to be in contact with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department, but did not believe the shooting would impact their schedule.Fans attending the game, against Sacramento at T-Mobile Arena, will almost certainly face heightened security measures.Each year the Lakers play at least one preseason game in Las Vegas, where the team enjoys a robust fan base.SINGLE DIGIT SORERLarry Nance Jr. left Monday’s game with a sprained right index finger but returned in the second half.After starting the Lakers’ preseason opener, Nance was moved to the bench on Monday in favor of second-year center Ivica Zubac. At the time he left the game, Nance had scored one point and committed three fouls in five minutes. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error