On the famous Viennese square Am Hof, 12 Croatian wineries, gathered under the brand, present their wines Vina Croatia – mosaic wines organized by the Wine Association of the Croatian Chamber of Commerce. The beginning of the implementation of the strategy was in 2013 through a clearly stated goal and strength and character of the brand as well as a desire for a clear positioning of Croatian wines on the world wine list.”We wanted to remind the Austrians of the tastes of Croatia now, in the off-season, while their impressions from the summer on our coast are still fresh, to tell them that they can buy the same products they consumed in Croatia at home ”, said Nikola Drmić from the Krauthaker winery, one of the exhibitors in Vienna, where a four-day wine promotion is underway. In addition to this winery, from September 21 to 24 Badel 1862, Degrassi, Dvanajščak, Kozol, Feravino, Iločki podrumi, Kozlović, Kutjevo, PP Orahovica, Zigante, Zlatan otok, PZ Vrbnik, Delikroat and Aura Delikatessen promote their wines and food.The goal of the event is not only to strengthen the image of Croatian wines and wineries, but the overall image of Croatia at this time before and after the season in the most important Croatian emitting tourist markets, among which Austria is especially important to winemakers. “It is known that Croatia is the most popular tourist destination for Austrians. Austrians are in love with the Croatian coast and islands, but Croatia is not only a country that boasts beautiful nature, but also excellent cuisine and first-class wines”, said Tatjana Mrvoš from the Croatian Embassy in Vienna.Photo: Hgk”Austria is a close, significant, but above all demanding market. If our wines are recognized among the Austrians, who are great connoisseurs of wine, it will certainly ensure our profits to the wider market. We hope for a successful continuation of the project. Our vision is to promote Croatian wines in all European capitals”, Said the secretary of the Wine Association of the Croatian Chamber of Commerce Igor Barbarić.”We reluctantly accepted this type of promotion. It is a great thing that we present ourselves together for easier profit in demanding markets. It is interesting to come to tourist emitting markets because consumers recognize you. Some are our regular tourists and have had the opportunity to drink our wines. It is also interesting to watch the reactions of Austrians about the similarities and differences with their wines because they are familiar with our varieties.”, Said the exhibitor Igor Hruška from PP Orahovica.Wine exports to the Austrian market are on the rise. In the first five months, we exported 718 and a half thousand liters of wine, which is more than in the whole of 2016 when we exported a total of 675 thousand liters to Austria. ”These results were achieved thanks to the past two good years of harvest, but also a series of marketing activities in EU markets through the Association of Winemakers of the Croatian Chamber of Commerce under the brand Vina croatia – vina mosaica. In the continuation, we expect further growth and placement of Croatian wines, not only on the Austrian but also on the EU market, thanks to the constant quality of Croatian wines. This event is one in a series of levers to increase the promotion and recognition of Croatian wines”, Said the president of the Croatian Chamber of Commerce Luka Burilović, who came to Vienna to support local winemakers.
Jul 23 2018A recent study in North Carolina found that in the first two weeks after being released from prison, former inmates were 40 times more likely to die of an opioid overdose than someone in the general population.When restricted to heroin overdoses only, formerly incarcerated individuals’ likelihood of overdose death increased to 74 times the norm within the first two weeks after release. Even an entire year after release, overdose death rates remained 10-18 times higher among formerly incarcerated individuals as compared to the general North Carolina population.These findings, published online July 19 by the American Journal of Public Health, were co-authored by five researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health and two representatives of the North Carolina Division of Public Health and the North Carolina Department of Public Safety.The U.S. is experiencing an unprecedented opioid epidemic. Between 2000 and 2016, opioid overdose death rates quadrupled and more than 300,000 Americans died of an opioid overdose. Despite many policy initiatives and interventions, the death toll continues to rise.Until this study, the ongoing epidemic’s impact on formerly incarcerated individuals, who are at especially high risk for opioid use, was not well known. To conduct the study, the researchers linked North Carolina inmate release records to North Carolina death records, calculated opioid overdose death standardized mortality ratios to compare former inmates with North Carolina residents and calculated hazard ratios to identify predictors of time until opioid overdose death.”We know from fighting other epidemics that treating and preventing disease among high-risk – or vulnerable – populations benefits not only members of that population, but everyone around them,” said Shabbar Ranapurwala, assistant professor in the Gillings School of Global Public Health’s department of epidemiology. “The same is true here. Preventing overdose deaths and treating substance use disorders in formerly incarcerated people may prevent the spread of the epidemic in the general population.”In North Carolina, between 22,000 and 27,000 individuals are released from prison each year. These individuals are particularly vulnerable to the opioid epidemic for three key reasons. First, two-thirds of them already have a substance use disorder, which is classified as a mental health condition. In fact, many former inmates initially were imprisoned for offenses that stemmed from substance use.Second, formerly incarcerated individuals undergo forced withdrawal during incarceration, and therefore have a very low tolerance when released from prison. Finally, there are few support systems in place for most inmates upon release – this includes a lack of access to health care.”A host of other problems like stigmatization, loss of dignity, loss of family for some, and discrimination in housing and employment only compound existing substance use problems,” Ranapurwala explained. “This leads to premature deaths.””As a society, we do not do enough to rehabilitate formerly incarcerated individuals back into our world,” he added. “What’s more, both medically and scientifically, we know that substance use disorder is a health condition – an illness. The only way to treat an illness is by providing medical help.”Related StoriesEffective stop smoking treatments less likely to be prescribed to people with mental health conditionsGoing teetotal shown to improve women’s mental healthResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairThe study findings are a clear call to action, according to Kody H. Kinsley, interim senior director of the state’s Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities and Substance Abuse Services.”We must reduce the deaths in this population, and we know how to do it,” Kinsley said. “We are working to partner across North Carolina to treat those suffering from substance use disorders in all settings. We hope our partners will join us by implementing proven methods such as medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorders.”With funding from the 21st Century Cures Act’s Grants for State Targeted Response to the Opioid Crisis, Kinsley’s division already has provided funding to the North Carolina Division of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice (DACJJ) so that all state probation and parole officers who interact with criminal justice-involved individuals and community members are equipped with naloxone kits. Naloxone is a medication designed to rapidly reverse opioid overdose.The division also plans to purchase additional naloxone kits to distribute to people as they leave prison, if those individuals completed substance use disorder treatment while incarcerated.Timothy Moose, the North Carolina Department of Public Safety deputy secretary for adult correction and juvenile justice, commented on how the use of naloxone kits by probation and parole officers while in the field has substantially helped individuals with substance use disorders.”Officers who supervise criminal justice-involved individuals have had wide success with naloxone kits,” he reported, “so much so, that Community Corrections may expand naloxone distribution to individuals and families returning from the department’s substance abuse treatment facilities in Dart Cherry and Black Mountain, as well as from probation violation and re-entry facilities across the state.”With the support of an additional federal grant, the North Carolina Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities and Substance Abuse Services, in partnership with the North Carolina Division of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice, is providing medication-assisted treatment to people under Community Corrections supervision in Iredell and Wilkes counties, too. Since program implementation in April 2017, 136 people have been enrolled. Among those completing a six-month update interview, substance use had decreased for all substances except alcohol. Opioid use was down by 50 to 100 percent, and full-time employment had increased by 50 percent.The state of North Carolina also has created a new State Re-entry Council Collaborative (SRCC), led by DPS secretary Erik A. Hooks. The group is developing recommendations for a comprehensive plan aimed at facilitating the successful transition of formerly incarcerated people back into their communities. Substance misuse has been identified as a major threat that can derail the re-entry process.”We know that many people transitioning out of prison facilities bear the weight of addiction to various illegal substances,” said Hooks. “The goal of the SRCC plan is to proactively remove barriers and give people access to resources and services that will increase their chances of successful re-entry.”Source: https://sph.unc.edu/sph-news/former-inmates-at-high-risk-for-opioid-overdose-following-prison-release/