Jul 10, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – European officials today reported a rare case of the often-deadly Marburg hemorrhagic fever on European soil, in a Dutch woman who recently was exposed to bats while visiting caves in Uganda.Dutch authorities informed the European Union and the World Health Organization of the case today, according to a statement from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). The patient is a 40-year-old woman who had recently returned from a vacation in Uganda.”The travel included a visit to two caves in the Maramagambo forest (between Queen Elizabeth Park and Kebale), where she was exposed to fruit bats,” the ECDC said. The patient was at Leiden University Medical Centre; her condition was not disclosed.”ECDC’s initial assessment is that the threat to public health is limited and mainly focused on the people who have been in close contact with the patient after the onset of her symptoms,” the agency said. “People intending to travel to Uganda should be aware there may be a risk related to visiting caves in the Maramagambo forest.”The Marburg virus, like its cousin the Ebola virus, can cause a severe febrile disease for which there is no vaccine or specific treatment. The case-fatality rate ranges from 30% to 90%, depending on the strain, according to an ECDC fact sheet. The most recent large Marburg outbreak occurred in Angola in 2004 and 2005, involving 252 confirmed cases with 227 deaths.Marburg and Ebola can spread through contact with blood, secretions, or other body fluids of living or dead infected persons, and also through contact with living or dead infected animals, according to the ECDC.The natural reservoir for Marburg virus is unknown, but last year researchers reported finding genetic material from the virus in a species of fruit bat in Gabon. The bats might have been a reservoir for the virus, or they might have acquired it from some other animal, the researchers said.See also: Aug 22, 2007, CIDRAP News story “Traces of Marburg virus found in African bats”CIDRAP overview of viral hemorrhagic fevershttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/bt/vhf/biofacts/index.html
One of golf’s landmark courses will be the site of the 2019 U.S. Open, the third of four majors on the PGA Tour schedule, from Thursday to Sunday.Pebble Beach Golf Links in Northern California is hosting its sixth U.S. Open and seventh major. And with the legendary venue comes the opportunity for a rare historic feat as Brooks Koepka tries to become the second golfer ever to win three consecutive U.S. Open tournaments and the first since Willie Anderson from 1903-1905. 2019 U.S. Open tee times, pairingsSunday, Round 4Tee time (E.T.)Pairing10:21 a.m.Michael Thorbjornsen (a)10:32 a.m.Bernd Wiesberger, Justin Walters10:43 a.m.Cameron Smith, Chip McDaniel10:54 a.m.Charlie Danielson, Luke Donald11:05 a.m.Kyle Stanley, Zach Johnson11:16 a.m.Kevin Kisner, Andy Pope11:27 a.m.Marcus Kinhult, Brian Stuard11:38 a.m.Rafa Cabrera Bello, Brandt Snedeker11:49 a.m.Clement Sordet, Daniel Berger12:00 p.m.Andrew Putnam, Adri Arnaus12:11 p.m.Tommy Fleetwood, Aaron Wise12:22 p.m.Sepp Straka, Harris English12:33 p.m.Phil Mickelson, Charles Howell III12:44 p.m.Emiliano Grillo, Rory Sabbatini12:55 p.m.Billy Hurley III, Bryson DeChambeau1:06 p.m.Collin Morikawa, Erik Van Rooyen1:17 p.m.Patrick Reed, Carlos Ortiz1:28 p.m.Paul Casey, Webb Simpson1:39 p.m.Chandler Eaton (a), Tom Hoge1:50 p.m.Martin Kaymer, Rhys Enoch2:01 p.m.Sergio Garcia, Jordan Spieth2:12 p.m.Jason Dufner, Billy Horschel2:23 p.m.Rickie Fowler, Alex Prugh2:34 p.m.Nick Taylor, Shane Lowry2:45 p.m.Haotong Li, Viktor Hovland (a)2:56 p.m.Tiger Woods, Marc Leishman3:07 p.m.Jason Day, Tyrrell Hatton3:18 p.m.Jim Furyk, Matt Fitzpatrick3:29 p.m.Hideki Matsuyama, Patrick Cantlay3:40 p.m.Scott Piercy, Francesco Molinari3:51 p.m.Dustin Johnson, Brandon Wu (a)4:02 p.m.Nate Lashley, Abraham Ancer4:13 p.m.Adam Scott, Xander Schauffele4:24 p.m.Byeong Hun An, Matt Wallace4:35 p.m.Henrik Stenson, Jon Rahm4:46 p.m.Graeme McDowell, Danny Willett4:57 p.m.Chesson Hadley, Matt Kuchar5:08 p.m.Rory McIlroy, Louis Oosthuizen5:19 p.m.Chez Reavie, Brooks Koepka5:30 p.m.Justin Rose, Gary WoodlandU.S. Open purse, winningsThe purse for the U.S. is a cool $12.5 million, with $2,250,000 of that going to the winner. The purse is a step above last year’s total, which was an even $12 million. The winner’s share was $90,000 fewer in 2018.Odds to win the U.S. OpenIt shouldn’t come as much of a surprise that Koepka (+650) is the U.S. Open favorite, seeing as he’s won the last two years. Dustin Johnson (+750), the 2016 champion, and Woods (+1100) are other top contenders. Keep an eye on Patrick Cantlay (+1800), who is coming off a recent victory at the Memorial Tournament.GolferOddsBrooks Koepka+650Dustin Johnson+750Tiger Woods+1100Rory McIlroy+1200Jordan Spieth+1600Patrick Cantlay+1800Justin Rose+2000Justin Thomas+2200Rickie Fowler+2200Jason Day+2500Jon Rahm+2500Xander Schauffele+2500(Odds via Bovada)U.S. Open past winnersYearWinnerScore2019TBDTBD2018Brooks Koepka+12017Brooks Koepka-162016Dustin Johnson-42015Jordan Spieth-52014Martin Kaymer-92013Justin Rose+12012Webb Simpson+12011Rory Mcilroy-162010Graeme McDowellE2009Lucas Glover-4 Koepka’s hot streak in majors is reason to believe he could pull it off. He also won the PGA Championship in May, finished as the runner-up at the Masters in April and won the 2018 PGA Championship last August. MORE: Watch the U.S. Open live with fuboTV (7-day free trial)Repeating at majors is very difficult, however, especially three-peating. The field is as stacked as any event on the PGA Tour calendar and includes three-time U.S. Open winner and 2019 Masters champion Tiger Woods and a bevy of other past champions that likely won’t make Koepka’s victory route easy.In 2010, the last time Pebble Beach hosted the U.S. Open, Graeme McDowell came out victorious, while Woods registered his first U.S. Open win at the course back in 2000. Here is everything to know about the 2019 U.S. Open, including the TV schedule, round-by-round tee times for Tiger Woods and the field, plus updated betting odds. You can also follow our “Tiger Tracker” and live leaderboard for hole-by-hole updates throughout the tournament.U.S. Open 2019 TV schedule, live streamWhen: June 13-16Where: Pebble Beach, CaliforniaTV channels: Fox, Fox Sports 1Live stream: Fox Sports Go | USOpen.com | fuboTVLeaderboard: Follow SN’s live trackerThe Fox family of networks will have full coverage of all four rounds, including 20 combined hours over the weekend. Joe Buck will provide play-by-play for the third consecutive year while Paul Azinger will serve as the lead analyst. You can also live stream Rounds 1-4 by signing up for fuboTV, which offers a free seven-day trial.DateTime (ET)ChannelThursday, June 1312:30-7:30 p.m.FS1/fuboTVThursday, June 137:30-10:30 p.m.Fox/fuboTVFriday, June 1412:30-7:30 p.m.FS1/fuboTVFriday, June 147:30-10:30 p.m.Fox/fuboTVSaturday, June 15Noon-10 p.m.Fox/fuboTVSunday, June 16Noon-10 p.m.Fox/fuboTVLIVE: Follow SN’s U.S. Open leaderboardTiger Woods’ U.S. Open tee timesWoods will be paired with Marc Leishman for the fourth round. The duo will tee off at 2:56 p.m. ET from the first hole on Sunday.RoundTee Time (ET)HolePairing15:09 p.m.1Jordan Spieth, Justin Rose211:24 a.m.10Spieth, Rose32:27 p.m.1Byeong Hun An42:56 p.m.1Marc LeishmanTIGER TRACKER: Follow Tiger Woods’ Round 4 at the U.S. OpenWho else is in the U.S. Open field?Koepka and Woods are the biggest names, and rightfully so, but the field will also feature each of the last 10 U.S. Open winners, including Dustin Johnson, Justin Rose and Rory McIlroy, who are ranked Nos. 2, 3 and 4 in the world, respectively. Each of the top 33 golfers in the world are participating at Pebble Beach. FedEx cup standings leader Matt Kuchar, previous Players Championship winners Rory Mcilroy, Rickie Fowler and Si Woo Kim and 2019 PGA Tour winners Xander Schauffele, Phil Mickelson, Jon Rahm, Francesco Molinari, Patrick Cantlay and Paul Casey, among others, will also be vying for the victory.